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This is to certify that this research work titled: a survey of cause of deviant behavior among Primary School in Ifo Local Government Area of Ogun State was carried out by Abubakar Fatimoh Omotayo with Matric No: Nti/B.Ed/2015/3877 under my supervision and is submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the award of Bachelor’s Degree in Education.




This project is dedicated to God, the ultimate, for his supremacy, mercy, favour guidance, protection and provision throughout the completion of my programme and to my parents chief Olakotan Raufu Owolabi and Mrs Olakotan Silifat Agbeke.




My gratitude goes to God, The Almighty for his wisdom and mercy; He kept with me in carrying out this research.

Also my unnerved thanks goes to my reputable supervisor in person of Mrs. Shittu A.O. who spared a substantial part of her precious time in reading through and some of the correction made for this essay to be successful. I am very grateful for her understanding and invaluable help rendered in the period of writing this write-up.

Specially, to my amiable husband Mr. Abubakar Muhammed Sanni for his prayers throughout the completion of this study. And also to my children Ibraheem, Nimotallah, Nosirullahi and Abdul-Rahmon Abubakar my God be with them.

Also, I appreciate my parent Chief Mr. Olakotan R.O and Mrs. Olakotan S.A and my in-law Mr. Abubakar O. A. and Mrs. Abubakar B.O, my brother and sisters Olakotan Musa, Olakotan  Rukayat, Olakotan Bilikisu for their prayer and moral advice in the course of my study.

My Appreciation also goes to the following person Mrs. Ilori O.A, Mrs. Ojelabi V.O, Mr. Olakotan S.O, Mrs. Afolabi, M.A, Mrs. Adeyemi B.C, Mrs. Ogunleye S.T, Mrs. Wilson, F.C, Mr. Salako ID, and Mrs. Sorungbe A.O, Miss Mulero B.J. and to all the lecturer that had shared their wealth of knowledge with us Mr. Kehinde T.O., Dr. Kuye C.O., Mr, Ibikunle T.O, Dr. Filani F.J, Mrs. Shittu A.O, the central manager Dr. Quadri A.Y the C.D.O Mr. Ariyibi Kayode (KAY) and the host of other.

Finally, My thanks goes to all who have one way or the other contributed to the success of this research work, even though, I could not mention their names here, for their love and prayers.


Title Page

Certification                                                                                                               ii

Dedication                                                                                                                  iii

Acknowledgement                                                                                                    iv-v

Table of Content                                                                                                       vi-vii

Abstract                                                                                                                      viii



1.1       Background to the study                                                                         1 – 2

1.2       Statement of the problem                                                                                   2 – 3

1.3       Purpose of study                                                                                        3

1.4       Significance of the study                                                                                     3 – 4

1.5       Research Question                                                                                                4

1.6      Hypotheses                                                                                                  4

1.7      Scope of the study                                                                                      5

1.8      Definition of terms                                                                                     5



2.1       Introduction                                                                                                  6

2.2       Concept of Deviant Behaviour                                                                    6 – 7

2.3       Concept of Primary Education                                                                    7 – 8

2.4       Forms of Deviant Behaviour                                                                                   8 – 9

2.5       Types of Deviant Behaviour                                                                                    9 – 10

2.6       Causes of Deviant Behaviour                                                                      10-11

2.7       Measure for Controlling                                                                               11



3.1       Introduction                                                                                                  12

3.2       Population of the study                                                                                12

3.3       Sampling Techniques                                                                                   12

3.4       Instrument for Data Collection                                                                    13

3.5       Method of Data Administration / Collection                                              13

3.6       Method of Data Analysis                                                                              13

3.7       Reliability of the Instrument                                                                        13-14

3.8       Method of Data Collection                                                                           14



4.1       Data Presentation and Results                                                                    15-25

4.2       Summary of the Result                                                                                 25-26



5.1       Summary                                                                                                        27-28

5.2       Recommendations                                                                                        28

5.3       Conclusion                                                                                                     28-29





This study aimed is to examines the deviant behavior common in some selected primary school pupils in Ifo Local Government Area of Ogun State. A survey research design was adopted for the study with a sample size of 821 pupils selected using stratified sampling technique. The main research instrument used for data collection was the questionnaires, which was administered to pupils of the selected schools. The data collected were analyzed using pearson product moment correlation (PPMC) Statistical tools. From the finding it was deduced that deviant behavior on pupils has significant impact on them.

Also the rate of this un-waiting behavior had reach an alarming proportion in schools that attention of government and parents have drawn to it order to check the ugly trend.



1.1     Background to the study

Deviant behaviour can be defined as not keeping to the rules or norms of the primary school, or the schools norms. According to Oxford Advanced Learners Dictionary six editions (2012) define deviant behaviour differently from others usually of expected and according to chambers dictionary in twentieth century (2009). Deviant behaviour means to deviate from the norms of a particular people in the primary school or community. That is turning aside or away  from set shown rules of political system or principle of a social, such behaviour could be seen as crime, drunkenness, indiscipline in school, home prostitution, cultism, gambling, other. It has been observed that quite number of students in higher institution of learning have deviant behaviour they become deviant when they engage in activities which are neither under the control of the school system in the primary school. Nigeria primary school today is developing hence it required an education system that will enable the youth to understand the primary school and cultural heritage. This will help in the preservation of the primary school and the culture and will also help in preparing of citizens for a changing attitude, knowledge, skills manpower, and experience in the societies. The education of the youths is very essential in order to ensure the confidence of the citizens to the social and economic development of the country as well as raining the standard of living generally.

Nigerian education system must stimulate the spirit of patriotism and lay the solid function of national and international understanding and cooperation in our children. Through education service those manifestation can be eradicated of deviant behaviour in schools, of which a lot of bad behaviour are such smoking drunkenness, stealing, abortion, murder, gambling, prostitution etc. the eradication of which can be done by attempting to restructure the in term and organization of the school, peer group, religious institutions and all other primary organizations in the primary school. The family as an agent of socialization could have significant impact on the child. This is evident from the fact that it is the first place where the child learn about leadership and what it takes, here basis skills and behaviour pattern have to behave in the home are taught by the parents. The school as agent of socialization and training institution for our future learners and manpower needed in our primary school is also faced with an acute problem which also affect the primary school as large. This problem is that of deviant behaviour which a form of indiscipline is. The problem of deviant primary school manifest itself in the Nigeria primary school and most of our school product for example lack of total commitment and dedication of their work, lateness to work, absenteeism, neglect of duty and parent who feels less concern about their children by going late when the children are already asleep etc. all these have a way of retarding progress of work and also limit our effectiveness and efficiency. The school a guise organization should be able to deliver real services, which is geared to the betterment of the government and the primary school, such as the ability to teach morals, punctuality, regularity, honesty, dedication to work and loyalty to work. This means that the schools should be able to produce disciplined pupils whom will later become good citizens who are free from any deviant act or behaviour be it drug addiction, gambling, truancy in school, abortion, smoking, sexual immorality, failure to serve punishment, murder, prostitution, bribery and corruption etc. “Deutschman, L.B (2007). Deviance and social control. Toronto: Thompson Canada Limited.”

Deviant behaviour is an act of indiscipline or behaviour disorder which served as a major is of great source of some social vices in Nigeria primary school, which is of great concern to the parents, government and teachers. Source of these social vices are increased rate of dropout in school drug abuse among youths, gambling, stealing, pick pocket and they also constitute nuisance of the primary school.

There is an adage which says that idle mind is the devils workshop. This denotes since deviant behaviour has made student to involve in bad habit they move about not staying in school to learn and they move about the streets and alleges without sense of direction, they are likely to meet with bad friends who are corrupt and learn all form of bad act from there they are likely to be tempted to engage in deviant behaviour’ such as stealing drunkenness, committing abortion, absenteeism from school and others.


1.2     Statement of the problem

The problems of deviant behaviours can be classified into:

  1. Innovation is a response due to the strain generated by our culture’s emphasis on wealth and the lack of opportunities to get rich, which causes people to be “innovators” by engaging in stealing and selling drugs. Innovators accept society’s goals, but reject socially acceptable means of achieving them.
  2. Conformists accept society’s goals and the socially acceptable means of achieving them.
  3. Ritualism refers to the inability to reach a cultural goal thus embracing the rules to the point where the people in question lose sight of their larger goals in order to feel respectable.
  4. Retreatism rejects the society’s goals and the legitimate means to achieve them. Merton sees them as true deviants, as they commit acts of deviance to achieve things that do not always go along with society’s values.
  5. Rebellion is somewhat similar to retreatism, because the people in question also reject both the cultural goals and means, but they go one step further to a “counterculture” that supports other social orders that already exist (rule breaking).


1.3     Purpose of study  

This study is concern to sets out and achieves the following.

  1. To investigate whether parents in some ways, either knowing or unknowingly contribute to the deviant behaviour of students in primary school.
  2. To determine whether the nature of the school administration has influence the socio-economic factors.


1.4     Significance of the study   

This study will reveal that the incidence of deviant behaviour among some selected students in Ifo Local Government Area of Ogun State is high.  The suggestion to be made in this study will go a long way to minimize the problem. Basically, this study is necessary and it is important to the development of children, mostly in this our present complex primary school. To provide an insight to child needs and how best these could be met.


1.5     Research Questions

Based on the stated problems, the following research questions would be addressed.

  1. What are the types of deviant behaviours exhibited by primary school pupils?
  2. What is the relationship between authoritarian family leadership style and deviant behaviour exhibited by primary school pupils?
  3. What is the relationship between authoritative family leadership style and deviant behaviours exhibited by primary School pupils? X
  4. What is the relationship between permissive family leadership style and deviant behaviour exhibited by primary school pupils?
  5. What is the relationship between neglectful family leadership style and deviant behaviour exhibited by primary school pupils?
  6. What is the influence of family size on deviant behaviours among primary school pupils?
  7. What are the strategies that will be used to curb deviant behaviours among primary school pupils?


1.6      Hypotheses

HO1: Authoritarian family leadership style has no significant relationship with deviant behaviour exhibited by primary school pupils in Ifo Education Zone of Ogun State.

HO2: Authoritative family leadership style has no significant relationship with deviant behaviour exhibited by primary school pupils in Ifo Education Zone of Ogun State.

HO3: Permissive family leadership style has no significant relationship with deviant behaviour exhibited by primary school pupils in Ifo Education Zone of Ogun State.

HO4: Neglectful family leadership style has no significant relationship with deviant behaviour exhibited by primary school pupils in Ifo Education Zone of Ogun State.

Ho5: Family size has no significant influence on deviant behaviours exhibited by primary school pupils in Ifo Education Zone of Ogun State.


1.7      Scope of the study

The study is going the limited only to public primary school pupils in Nigeria.

It Covers all government owned primary school pupils in Ifo Local Government Area. Ogun State.


1.8      Definition of Terms

Peer Group: People who are similar in development level such as age, education and other qualifications.

School Administration: It is a formalized system which, plan, coordinate, organize, staff, reporting and evaluating of all matters of the entire school affairs.

Heritage: A valued thing or culture that is been passed down from previous generations.

Nuisance: An annoying person

Organization: An organized group with a particular purpose e.g. school