A CASE STUDY ON BRONCHIAL ASTHMA

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CHAPTER ONE

1.1     INTRODUCTION TO THE STUDY

This is a case study of Mr. A.C, a 22 years old man with the diagnosis of Bronchial Asthmatic Attack; he was admitted into the semi-private ward of Sacred Heart Hospital, Lantoro, Abeokuta on the 15th of May, 2021.

Asthma is defined by the “Global initiative for Asthma” as a chronic inflammatory disorder of the airway in which many cells and cellular element plays a role.

Asthma can be described as a syndrome comprising of bronchial inflammation, airway hyper responsiveness and usually reversible airway obstruction (Rees and Kanabar, 2011 in United Kingdom).

Bronchial asthma is a disease of the respiratory tract and is defined as recurrent attacks of dyspnea and wheezing respiration associated with spasm of the bronchial muscles (Famakinwa, 2010).

Asthma is characterized by reversible airway obstruction caused by narrowing, inflammation or hyper responsiveness to a variety of stimuli. (National Asthma Education program, 2005)

In 2002, there was 11.3 million visits to physical offices for the treatment of asthma and approximately 4300dents attributed to asthma. In 2002, 1.9 million hospital emergency departments visit were due to asthma. In that same year, 14 million non-institutionalized adults and 6.4 million children were diagnosed with asthma in the United States. (CDC, 2004 in Susan and Brenda 2006).

Common triggers for asthma symptoms in patients with asthma include airway, irritant[for example air pollutants, cold, heat, weather changes, strong odours and perfumes), exercise, stress or emotional upsets, stimuli with post nasal dripimedicetions, viral respiratory tract infection and gastro oesophageal reflux.

 

1.2     OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY

  1. To health educate patient on the importance of compliance to prescribe drugs.
  2. To teach patient and family on the first aid treatment of an asthmatic attack.
  3. To teach patient the importance of recognition of signs and symptoms of asthma and prompt report to the hospital.
  4. To participate fully on the management of the patient during and after admission.
  5. To increase my knowledge about the disease conditions.
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